You may have heard about file extensions like SVG, AI, CDR. Yes, you are right; these are a few extensions of vector files.
What is Vector Files
Vector files are small, scalable and editable image files. A vector image is a collection of individual, scalable objects. A mathematics equation defines these objects.
Vector is one most prefered way of designing modern graphics. Geometric shapes like square, circle, triangle, and polygon are the essential element of vector graphics.
Why Vector Graphics
- Resolution Independent – Not dependent on the resolution, unlike pixel graphics.
- Quality – Vector images are scalable. You can stretch vector graphics upto any extent without losing quality.
- Light Weight – Vector graphics are lightweight and prefered by web designers and animators.
- Printer Friendly – Offset and screen printers need a vector file to print graphics on a large screen.
- Platform Independent – You can open most of the vector file on any platform irrespective of on which platform it was built.
Vector Graphics Use
- Designing Logo/Letterhead/Envelope
- Web Animation
- Animated Videos
- Explainer Videos
Popular Vector Format
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based vector image format. Used over the web for logo, animation, buttons and icons.
AI (Adobe Illustrator)
As the name suggests, this is the extension for vector file designed in Adobe Illustrator. Used by Graphic designers, logo designers, illustrators, printers.
CDR (Corel Draw)
It’s is an extension of another powerful program for designing vector graphics. Used by Graphic designers, logo designers, illustrators, printers. Very efficient for 3D designs and brochure designing.
PDF (Portable Document Format) is an extension for vector graphics which is supported by all the vector designing softwares. You can easily import and export vector graphics using this extension in any software.
The most popular and paid softwares for creating vector graphics are Adobe Illustrator and Coral Draw. But we would like to root for Inkscape, which is free, open-source and equally compelling.